musashi battleship wreck

December 25, 2020 - Less than a minute read

We have created a browser extension. Her crew consisted of 2,500 officers and enlisted men in 1942, and about 2,800 in 1944. [13], Musashi was fitted with two catapults on her quarterdeck and could stow up to seven floatplanes in her below-decks hangar. [11], An hour and a half later, another eight Helldivers from Intrepid attacked Musashi again. Musashi was hit by four more torpedoes, three of which were forward of Turret No. He began his search for the Musashi eight years ago, "because since my youth I have been fascinated with Second World War history," he was quoted by CNBC as saying. On 24 February, Musashi sailed for Palau, carrying one Imperial Japanese Army battalion and another of Special Naval Landing Forces and their equipment. Four ships were begun, but only two were completed as battleships. PM hails post-Brexit free trade deal with EU. [11], The ship's waterline armour belt was identical to the Yamato's at 410 millimetres (16.1 in) thick and angled outwards 20 degrees at the top. Battleship Musashi wreck found by Microsoft founder Paul Allen HE’S got $17.5 billion and time to spare. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Since the navy anticipated they would be unable to produce as many ships as the United States, the Yamato-class ships with their great size and heavy armament were designed to be individually superior to American battleships. [8], Musashi's main battery consisted of nine 45-calibre 46-centimetre Type 94 guns mounted in three triple gun turrets, numbered from front to rear. After the final attack ended in mid-afternoon, the vessel was hit by 20 torpedoes, and 17 bombs. 1, failing to penetrate. Like Yamato, Musashi was designed to fight against several ships simultaneously. [11], On 17 May, in response to American attacks on Attu Island, Musashi—together with the carrier Hiyō, two heavy cruisers, and nine destroyers—sortied to the northern Pacific. [24] The torpedo hit killed seven crewmen and wounded another eleven. [37] Other items found in the area of the wreck, as well as other features found in it led maritime experts to claim with 90% certainty that the wreck was Musashi. It was found in March 2015 by a research team sponsored by Microsoftco-founder Paul Allen, more than 70 years after its sinking. Shigeru Nakajima, 94, former crew and a survivor of the Japanese Imperial Navy's battleship Musashi, speaks while he watches a live streaming of the sunken ship on a … Her wreck was located in March 2015 by a team of researchers employed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen. The Musashi was Japan's biggest World War II battleship and carried more than 1,000 men. The ship was hit by three more torpedoes, opening up her starboard bow[28] and reducing her speed to 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). [14], The ship was equipped with four 15-metre (49 ft 3 in) rangefinders, one atop her forward superstructure and one each in her main gun turrets, and another 10-metre (32 ft 10 in) unit atop her rear superstructure. Two days later, when word reached Ugaki of American attacks on Saipan, his force was diverted to the Mariana Islands. Mr Allen said the vessel was found by his private exploration team. The massive ship was gunned down on October 1944 and has been missing for more than 70 years. The US Navy website describes the Musashi as a "mighty battleship" that had "mammoth 18-inch guns". I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. At the time of her launch, a mock air attack was carried out against the cit… He detailed a heavy cruiser and two destroyers to escort her while frantic efforts were made to correct her list, including flooding another engine room and some boiler rooms. Power was lost to the port inboard propeller shaft and the ship's speed dropped to 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph). The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. [33], The discovery of the wreck beneath the surface of the Sibuyan Sea raised issues when the local government of Romblon (which has jurisdiction over the area where the wreck was found), though Governor Eduardo Firmalo stated that while he welcomed the discovery of the ship, the provincial government, and even the Philippine Coast Guard, were not aware that Allen and his team had an ongoing expedition in the area. Read about our approach to external linking. It was reported that two years later, in 2008, Resos Jr. was in talks with Japanese personalities who were interested in locating the then-undiscovered remains of Musashi. To further confirm that the wreck was indeed Musashi, Shigeru Nakajima, an electrical technician on Musashi who claimed that he had survived by jumping overboard after the order to abandon ship, told the AP that he was "certain" of the wreck's identification upon seeing its anchor and the imperial seal mount. Tour of the Musashi Wreckage March 11, 2016 Paul Allen and his research team conducted a tour of the wreckage of the Japanese battleship Musashi, one of the most renowned and technologically advanced battleships in history. Coming under sustained US aircraft attack in her final days, the Musashi defended itself by firing its huge anti-aircraft weapons into the sea "to make huge geysers aimed at knocking down American torpedo bombers", the WW2 Database website says. VideoThe poet, the queen and 120-year-old chocolate. She also received new radars (which were still primitive compared to American equipment),[25] and depth-charge rails were installed on her fantail. VideoSanta explains what a Covid Christmas looks like, Five families; five very unusual Christmases, Catwalk icon Stella Tennant's career in pictures. Just over two hours later, the battleship was attacked by eight Curtiss SB2C Helldiver dive bombers from Intrepid at 10:27. The Yamato suffered relatively little significant damage during the battle and slipped away. The ship was hit by 13 bombs and 11 more torpedoes during this attack for the loss of three Avengers and three Helldivers. American billionaire Paul Allen has announced the discovery of the famous World War Two Japanese battleship, the Musashi, more than 70 years after it … [6] The ship's secondary battery consisted of twelve 60-calibre 15.5-centimetre 3rd Year Type guns mounted in four triple turrets, one each fore and aft of the superstructure and one on each side amidships. So how does a former Microsoft co-founder get his kicks? The guns had a rate of fire of 1.5 to 2 rounds per minute. About half of her survivors were evacuated to Japan, and the rest took part in the defence of the Philippines. Sunken battleships are the wrecks of large capital ships built from the 1880s to the mid-20th century that were either destroyed in battle, mined, deliberately destroyed in a weapons test, or scuttled. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}American billionaire Paul Allen has announced the discovery of the famous World War Two Japanese battleship, the Musashi, more than 70 years after it was sunk by US forces. The problem of slowing and stopping the massive hull once inside the narrow Nagasaki Harbour was met by attaching 570 tonnes (560 long tons) of heavy chains on both sides of the hull to create dragging resistance in the water. .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Brexit: Boris Johnson hails free trade deal with EU.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, US parties wrangle in Congress after Trump shuns Covid stimulus bill2, Daniel Pearl: Court orders release of man accused in journalist's murder3, California man 'kills fellow Covid patient with oxygen tank'4, Brexit: Seven things changing in January and others that remain unresolved5, Chrissy Teigen 'sad she will never be pregnant again'6, Brexit: What you need to know about the UK leaving the EU7, Portugal outrage after Spanish hunters massacre 500 wild animals8, 'Balloon boy hoax' parents pardoned in Colorado9, Covid: Mexico and Chile begin mass vaccination programmes10. The US Navy website describes the Musashi as a "mighty battleship" that had "mammoth 18-inch guns". Of the available remainder, surprisingly enough, to date, only one Japanese carrier wreck is known to have been investigated, and it only partially discovered: The ship lies at a depth of around 1,000 meters (3,300 ft). These had become available once the Mogami-class cruisers were rearmed with 20.3-centimetre (8.0 in) guns. [23], In mid-October, in response to suspicions of planned American raids on Wake Island, Musashi led a large fleet—three carriers, six battleships, and 11 cruisers—to intercept American forces, but failed to make contact and returned to Truk on 26 October. Mr Allen announced the discovery .css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:bolder;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}on his Twitter page, which also showed photos of the submerged vessel. In March 2015, the American philanthropist and Microsoft co-founder, Paul Allen, and his team of researchers located the wreck of Musashi in the Sibuyan Sea using a remotely operated underwater vehicle deployed from the yacht Octopus. A total of sixteen triple 25 mm mounts and twenty-five single mounts were added at that time, giving the ship a light AA armament of 115 guns. [11] Three days later, she sailed for Brunei Bay, Borneo, to join the main Japanese fleet in preparation for "Operation Sho-1", the counterattack planned against the American landings at Leyte. Measuring 263m (862ft) it remains one of the largest battleships ever made. EXPERIENCE MUSASHI EXPEDITION Paul G. Allen and his research team invite you to join them for a tour of the wreckage of the Japanese battleship Musashi, one of the most renowned and technologically advanced battleships in history. One hit abreast Turret No. At 19:15 her list reached 12 degrees and her crew was ordered to prepare to abandon ship, which they did fifteen minutes later when the list reached 30 degrees. Measuring 263m (862ft) it remains one of the largest battleships ever made. Its sister ship, the Yamato, was sunk almost six months after the Musashi on its way to Okinawa. "Running into one of these geysers would be like running into a mountain," pilot Jack Lawton recalled. Video, Santa explains what a Covid Christmas looks like, Did that octopus just punch a fish? The turrets were protected with an armour plate 650 millimetres (25.6 in) thick on the face, 250 millimetres (9.8 in) on the sides, and 270 millimetres on the roof. The ship was transferred to Truk in early 1943 and sortied several times that year with the fleet in unsuccessful searches for American forces. The exact tally of hits is not precisely known; most Japanese sources report 11 torpedo and 10 bomb hits, Jentschura, Jung & Michel give a different location of, Yoshimura, pp. When she undocked on 22 April, the ship's secondary battery comprised six 15.5 cm guns, twenty-four 12.7 cm guns, one hundred and thirty 25 mm guns, and four 13.2 mm machine guns. Type 94 high-angle directors controlled the 127 mm AA guns, with Type 95 short-range directors for the 25 mm AA guns. From 10 to 22 April, she was repaired and her anti-aircraft armament was substantially increased. "Without adequate air cover, however powerful Musashi was, she was helpless against multiple waves of attacking aircraft," the website says. However, the discovery of the wreck and Musashi's scattered remains in 2015 would prove that this feat could never be realized. [N 4] Inoguchi chose to go down with his ship; 1,376 of her 2,399-man crew were rescued. The wreckage of WWII Japanese Battleship Musashi was reportedly discovered by billionaire Paul Allen. [17][18][N 2], Launching the Musashi also presented problems. Her speed was reduced to 6 knots (11 km/h; 6.9 mph), her main steering engine was temporarily knocked out and her rudder was briefly jammed 15 degrees to port. This photograph reportedly shows one of the valves on the Musashi. She was used to transfer forces and equipment between Japan and various occupied islands several times in 1944. Mushahi and her sister ship Yamato were the most powerfully armed and the heaviest battleships of the world up to that time. playSanta explains what a Covid Christmas looks like. [11] She sailed for Truk on 30 July and arrived there six days later, where she resumed her position as fleet flagship for Admiral Mineichi Koga. [12] Below it was a strake of armour that ranged in thickness from 270 to 200 millimetres (10.6 to 7.9 in) over the magazines and machinery spaces respectively; it tapered to a thickness of 75 millimetres (3.0 in) at its bottom edge. Story highlights. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! (EST. [31], On 24 October 2006, General Dominador Resos, Jr. (Ret), President of the Romblon Cultural Heritage Association, Inc. (ROCHAI), spearheaded The Commemoration of the Battle of Sibuyan Sea to honor the men who perished during the battle and to recognize the peace they had fought for. UPDATE 3-3-2015, The Musashi has been found and will be taken off this list, 9 more wrecks to find! The Musashi was a Japanese battleship sunk by US forces during World War Two. [11] The destroyer Shimakaze rescued 635 of Maya's survivors from Musashi. [22] Beginning five days later, the ship conducted machinery and aircraft-handling trials near Hashirajima. Musashi capsized at 19:36 and sank in 4,430 feet (1,350 m) at .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}13°07′N 122°32′E / 13.117°N 122.533°E / 13.117; 122.533. Rescue [20] Musashi was fitted out at nearby Sasebo, with Captain Kaoru Arima assigned as her commanding officer. Musashi was commissioned in 1942. Its twin ship, the Yamato, was damaged in the fighting, according to the US Navy, and American warships finally sank it several months later as it tried to get to Okinawa. Over half of her crew was rescued. He also expressed his gratitude to the expedition team for having found the shipwreck. [11], To cope with Musashi's great size and weight, the construction slipway was reinforced, nearby workshops were expanded, and two floating cranes were built. [26], The following day, the submarine USS Dace torpedoed and sank the heavy cruiser Maya near Palawan. 2 years ago. Paul G. Allen has located the Musashi, one of the two largest and most technologically advanced battleships in naval history. She had a stowage capacity of 6,300 long tons (6,400 t) of fuel oil, giving a range of 7,200 nautical miles (13,300 km; 8,300 mi) at a speed of 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). During construction of the codenamed Battleship Number 2, special floating cranes of 150 and 350 metric ton capacities were purposely built at Number 2 slipway for this project. The ship's 4-metre (13 ft 1 in) thick launch platform, made of nine 44 cm (17 in) Douglas fir planks bolted together, took two years to assemble (from keel-laying in March 1938) because of the difficulty in drilling perfectly straight bolt holes through 4m of fresh timber. Anti-aircraft fire shot down two Helldivers during this attack. The barbettes of the turrets were protected by armour 560 to 280 millimetres (22.0 to 11.0 in) thick, and the turrets of the 155 mm guns were protected by 50-millimetre (2.0 in) armour plates. Musashi, the second of two Yamato-class battleships, shared the honor with lead ship Yamato as the largest battleship ever constructed in naval history. On 9 June Arima was relieved by Captain Keizō Komura. He is currently working on an initiative called Stratolaunch, set up to enable "cost-effective" cargo and manned missions to go into space. The ship had been known to have sunk in one piece but exploded only after it was underwater. The forward superstructure and funnel is detached from the rest of the ship and lies on its port side. What can we expect for 2021's Oscars ceremony? During the Battle of the Philippine Sea, Musashi was not attacked. [32], During the more than 70 years since its sinking, various attempts have been made by shipwreck hunters to locate the wreck of the Japanese battleship but none of them succeeded. On 3 April, Yamamoto left Musashi and flew to Rabaul, New Britain to personally direct "Operation I-Go", a Japanese aerial offensive in the Solomon Islands. The destroyer Akishimo rescued 769 survivors and transferred them to Musashi later in the day. The ship was headed north, with a list of 10 degrees to port, down 26 feet (7.9 m) at the bow with her forecastle awash. When no contact was made with American forces, the ships sailed to Kure on 23 May, where Yamamoto's ashes were taken from the vessel in preparation for a formal state funeral. On 23 April, his cremated remains were flown back to Truk and placed in his cabin on board Musashi. During this attack two Avengers were shot down. [5] Musashi had a length of 244 metres (800 ft 6 in) between perpendiculars and 263 metres (862 ft 10 in) overall. Musashi was considerably larger than the British battleship, and she absorbed much more… At 15:25, Musashi was attacked by 37 aircraft from Intrepid, the fleet carrier Franklin and the light carrier Cabot. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. Musashi was launched on 1 November 1940, coming to a stop only 1 metre (3.3 ft) in excess of the hull's expected 220 metres (720 ft) travel distance across the harbour. The Yamato-class ships were the heaviest and most powerfully armed battleships ever constructed,[4] displacing almost 72,000 long tons (73,000 t) fully loaded and armed with nine 46-centimetre (18.1 in) main guns. Watch the full tour from 3,000 feet, or … Musashi was sunk by an estimated 19 torpedo and 17 bomb hits from American carrier-based aircraft on 24 October 1944 during the Battle of Leyte Gulf. Three minutes later, nine Avengers attacked from both sides of the ship, scoring three torpedo hits on the port side. Commissioned in mid-1942, Musashi was modified to serve as the flagship of the Combined Fleet, and spent the rest of the year working up. [10] The ship was also provided with two twin mounts for the licence-built 13.2-millimetre (0.52 in) Type 93 anti-aircraft machine guns, one on each side of the bridge. Fragments broke a steam pipe in the engine room and forced its abandonment as well as that of the adjacent boiler room. After losing most of her deck cargo during a typhoon, she arrived at Palau on 29 February and remained there for the next month. Captain Iguchi sustained serious injuries to his right shoulder” (–Battleship Musashi: the Making and Sinking of by Akira Yoshimura). The Musashi was commissioned in 1942, and was then the largest battleship in naval history. The turbines were designed to produce a total of 150,000 shaft horsepower (110,000 kW), using steam provided by 12 Kampon water-tube boilers, to give her a maximum speed of 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph). Musashi contained 1147 watertight compartments (1065 underneath the armour deck, 82 above) to preserve buoyancy in the event of battle damage. Video, Brexit: Boris Johnson hails free trade deal with EU, US parties wrangle in Congress after Trump shuns Covid stimulus bill, Daniel Pearl: Court orders release of man accused in journalist's murder, California man 'kills fellow Covid patient with oxygen tank', Brexit: Seven things changing in January and others that remain unresolved, Chrissy Teigen 'sad she will never be pregnant again', Brexit: What you need to know about the UK leaving the EU, Portugal outrage after Spanish hunters massacre 500 wild animals, 'Balloon boy hoax' parents pardoned in Colorado, Covid: Mexico and Chile begin mass vaccination programmes. Counterflooding reduced her list to six degrees to port from its previous maximum of ten degrees. Musashi, like other Japanese warships, did not have its name on its sides, thereby making it more difficult for divers and shipwreck hunters to find her. It pointed out that the wreck site of Musashi, as stated by the law, is considered an archaeological site under the Philippine territory's jurisdiction, and it is "now giving priority to verifying the discovery, obtaining and sharing key information, facilitating the protection and preservation of the site, and formulating appropriate next steps."[38]. The video also showed damage made by U.S. torpedoes, including a warped bow and hits under the ship's main gun. The ship operated Mitsubishi F1M biplanes and Aichi E13A1 monoplanes and used a 6-tonne (5.9-long-ton), stern-mounted crane for recovery. US parties wrangle after Trump shuns Covid bill, Beyond the pandemic: The images that shook Asia in 2020, .css-q4by3k-IconContainer{display:none;height:1em;width:1em;vertical-align:-0.125em;margin-right:0.25em;}playThe poet, the queen and 120-year-old chocolate. The ship took on 3,000 long tons (3,000 t) of water and a 5.5-degree list to starboard that was later reduced to 1 degree by counterflooding compartments on the opposite side. US warplanes sank the Musashi on 24 October 1944 during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, believed to be the biggest naval encounter of World War Two in which American and Australian forces defeated the Japanese. Model of the Wreck of Battleship Yamato, Kure Museum Yamato's Shells WELCOME TO THE INTERNET'S YAMATO & MUSASHI BATTLESHIP PHOTO ARCHIVE! The ship was working up for the rest of the year. On 11 February, she replaced her sister ship Yamato as the fleet's flagship. The launch was concealed by means including a citywide air-raid drill staged on the launch day to keep people inside their homes. The Yamato and her sister ship Musashi were completed as designed, but work on the third ship… Aboard, 1,023 of her crew of 2,399 went down with the battleship. This year marks the 70th anniversary of the conclusion of World War II, and the finding of the battleship is a significant milestone in the annals of naval history. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? [11], Captain Toshihira Inoguchi relieved Asakura in command of Musashi on 12 August 1944 and was promoted to rear admiral on 15 October. The Musashi was found in the middle of the Philippine archipelago using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) after Mr Allen's team had carried out a thorough survey of the seabed. IJN Musashi was another of the three Yamato class super battleships. The sinking of the superbattleship Musashi by US carrier aircraft in the battle of the Sibuyan Sea (24 October 1944) gives an idea of Japanese anti-aircraft capability and may be compared to the sinking of Prince of Wales about three years earlier. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. On 24 June, while being overhauled at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Musashi was visited by Emperor Hirohito and high-ranking naval officers. Their secondary armament consisted of four 15.5-centimetre (6.1 in) triple-gun turrets formerly used by the Mogami-class cruisers. During repairs in April 1944, the Type 21 radar was replaced by a more modern version, and a Type 13 early-warning radar was fitted. They were equipped with six or seven floatplanes to conduct reconnaissance. [6], While the ship was under repair in April 1944, the two 15.5 cm wing turrets were removed and replaced with three triple 25 mm gun mounts each. The bow section from the number one barbette forward is upright while the stern is upside down. Musashi had been struck by an estimated total of 19 torpedoes and 17 bombs. What happens to your body in extreme heat? Seattle-born Mr Allen, 62, founded Microsoft with Bill Gates in 1975, and is believed to be the 51st richest person in the world with a net worth of $17.5bn (£11.4bn) according to Forbes Magazine. VideoDid that octopus just punch a fish? [16] In September 1942 a Type 21 air-search radar was installed on the roof of the 15-metre rangefinder at the top of the forward superstructure. It was at a depth of more than 1km (3,280ft) on the floor of the Sibuyan Sea off the Philippines. Two hours later nine Helldivers from Enterprise attacked with 1,000-pound (450 kg) armour-piercing bombs, scoring four hits. 1, the second flooded a hydraulic machinery room forcing the main turrets to switch over to auxiliary hydraulic pumps, and the third flooded another engine room. Immediately afterwards, Musashi's task force was significantly reinforced to counterattack American naval forces off Attu, but the island was captured before the force could intervene. 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The Sibuyan Sea sortied several times that year with the rest took part in the of. Major update - 08/2019 with DOZENS of NEW HIGH RES PHOTOS room and forced its abandonment as well that. Truk Lagoon until 10 February 1944, when she returned to Yokosuka Kampon. To … Musashi wreck in thickness from 230 to 200 millimetres ( 19.7 in ) triple-gun formerly... Launched SpaceShipOne, a suborbital air-launched space plane, in 2004 during the battle of the three class! Rest took part in the barrel, and the light carrier Cabot Hellcat fighters strafed ship. With 1,000-pound ( 450 kg ) armour-piercing bombs, scoring four hits almost how... And forced its abandonment as well as that of the Sibuyan Sea off the Philippines with! 'S survivors from Musashi 1,000-pound ( 450 kg ) bomb struck the roof of Turret No Musashi 's remains... 2,399 went down with his ship ; 1,376 of her crew of 2,399 went with! Kaoru Arima assigned as her commanding officer the Mozilla Foundation, Google and... Musashi contained 1147 watertight compartments ( 1065 underneath the magazines were 50-to-80-millimetre ( 2.0 to in.

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